Ba Ga Mohlala History
One need to be very careful when one is dealing with history. No history is untrue, it is only twisted. When people tell history, one need to acknowledge that it is full of mistakes some of which are deliberate. One need to have time to digest it, have time to sieve and sift what one receive. But one need not to throw away anything.It is tradition that history is written by the victors. The victors adopt the histories of their losing tribes or people, as a result, the losing tribes or people lose also their identities. And because of this, the truth is hidden!
The history of Ba Ga Mohlala should be understood against the back drop of the history of Banareng of Sekororo/Mahlo, Mmutlana in Malokela (Putney), and Letswalo; Kgomo a Motlari (Mojela / Mathekga), Kgomo a Ngope" (Ngoepe). The history of Baga Mohlala should also be understood against the back drop of the history of Bakgalaka and Bakone.
The ancestors of Bakgalaka under the leadership of Mabula moved from Thanzania about 1500AD through Malawi to Zimbabwe. About 1550AD they moved from Zimbabwe and stayed for a while North of Soutpansberg. At about 1600AD they moved from Phalaborwa and stayed some in the North while others in the West of Swaziland. There was a split of two at Phalaborwa. Shiko’s group moved from Phalaborwa to Botlokwa.This is the group that stayed at Witkop (Bakone Malapa) for a long time.Some were left there when a number of them moved to Leydsdorp about 1650AD. At about 1700AD Bakgalaka at Leydsdorp split into two:
1. The first group moved to around gaMaake and became known as Bakgaga. About 1750AD another group of Bakgalaka which also became known as Bakgaga moved to around gaMphahlele. Later another group of Bakgalaka which also became known as Bakgaga moved to gaMothapo.
2. The second group of Bakgaga moved from Leydsdorp moved to Polokwane at Witkop (Bakone Malapa). This group that moved from Leydsdorp to Witkop (Bakone Malapa) found Shiko’s group there.A small group from Witkop moved South to Pretoria. The remainders moved to Strydpoort mountains and from there they moved North and stayed gaMothiba.
Baphofung (Phofu Dynasty)
• Around 1400 Baphofung’s kingdom was divided into two sub-kingdoms in Mabjanamatshwana: Bahurutse and Bakwena.
• Around 1470 a group of Bahurutse flees to Botswana and become Banareng. In 1700 they leave Botswana only to end up at Mogoshi between 1823 and 1826.
• In 1800 a group of Bakwena leaves Britz, and in about 1842 they find themselves at Mogoshi.
BAKONE AND BANARENG
King Mpela originates from Congo. His son was Zulu who became king after him. Zulu had a son named Ndebele who also became a king after him. Ndebele had two children, Princess Mokuruhadzi and Prince Mafana. When Ndebele died others refused to be led by a woman and made Mafana their king and Mokuruhadzi stayed under him. All this time they were migrating towards the south.At about 1520 Banareng separated while they were at Mohlakeng, in Botswana. The group that gave birth to Maalobane (father to Serole), Moshohli, Serurubele (Kgomo a Ngope came from this man) and Mohlala, generation crossed Limpopo into South Africa. The group that gave birth to the Nkhumishe generation stayed behind.
Far away at Mabjanamatshwana, Motebejane fought with his brothers Motebele and Lesele who ran away to Botswana and found refuge under Mafana, they then became Banareng. When Mafana migrated, Mokuruhadzi and a portion of her followers remained and she became their leader. Motebele and Lesele ramained with them. Her son Maliti (Malindi) became the king. At that time they stayed at Mohlakeng in Botswana (the area surrounding Ramotswa). After a while Motebele attacked Maliti (Malindi), he gave him his daughter and Motebele became the king. Motebele then had two sons, Malete (Maite) and Lebogo.Later Lebogo crossed over to "Makgabeng" and established his kigdom there. Malete (Maite) became the king of Banareng and stayed at Notwane River. Malete (Maite) had two wives, the first wife had a son called Prince Motepetepe while the sacond wife (royal) had three children, Princess Mokgadi, Prince Phateng and Prince Sediye (as it had already become a custom, Prince Phateng became the next king). People called Malete (Maite) "Kgomo" because he was 'Monareng" and he finally earned the name "Kgomo". Then Kgomo migrated with another group to "Bobididi". Phateng became king at Bobididi. When draught fell over Bobididi, Kgomo and his people moved to Makgabeng. Lebogo gave them a piece of land to stay. From Makgabeng, Kgomo then moved to Mogoshi and built his empire there.
• At about 1834 Nkhumishe and Motlari met and reunited at Mogoshi. At about 1842 there was another separation.
• At this point Motlari had many names: Kgomo, Motlari, Mojela, Mathekga and Serole. One of his wives chooses Mojela
• Bahurutse (now Bankhumishe) are reunited with Bakwena (now Bakone) in 1849. And as in the beginning, Bakone get the upper hand.
3. When Bakone arrives at Mogoshi they find a reunion, which they scatter, only to be reunited with their very own. And so it is not a mistake that Bankhumishe and Bakone are one. We have a common ancestor, Malope. Malope had two wives, and the senior wife begat Mohurutse. Even though Bakone occupy the top position, they know we are their elders
Bokone during the reign of king Mathekga (king Mojela / king Motlari) at Mogoshi:
First it was a piece of land given to him by Bankhumishe in the east of Mogoshi that included Mmadietane, Setumong and Malobane. Mathekga was king of Bakone stationed at Mmadietane. He put some of his people at Setumong and some at Malobane. After the arrival of the second group of Bakone, Mathekga ‘a tonamela Mmankhumishe’ and extended his land. His land now extended to Tibane and Moletji.
Bokone during the reign of kgoshi Mmamakwa (Lekwa) at Mogoshi:
The new group realised they outnumbered the first group and overthrew king Mathekga. They took his cattled and left him with nothing but ‘tjhego’, hence “Mathekga a maja ditji”. King Mathekga tried to deffend his land by giving them a wife. They refused to take the woman and took the land. It was payback time. When Mathekga ran away from Bakone Malapa he stole their cattle and was given the name Mojela. Unfortunately for this group, when they refused to take the woman Manamela took her and went to stay in Moletji, part of the new extension. So the new group lost the land they so much wanted. They challenged Bankhumishe and were lucky because Bankhumishe were very few. Bankhumishe also tried to do what Mathekga did and were unfortunate. Bakone took the woman and the land. Now the new land of Bakone included Bobididi, Matlalane, Makgabeng and what is now known to be gaMatlala. Bobididi was later taken by Seleka and part thereof given to Langa, hence “Sekgoba dinaga”.
Now, at Mogosh we have:-
1. Kgomo A Phateng (Kgomo A Mankhumishe),
2. Kgomo A Motlari (Ramainainana - meaning he changed names like charmeleon),
3. and lastly, Kgomo A Ngope (Ngoepe).
"Kgomo a Motlari" (Mojela / Mathekga) is from "Bakone Malapa", "Kgomo a Ngope" (Ngoepe) stayed at "Mogoshi" with "Kgomo a Phateng" and "Ramara". "Kgomo a Phateng" (Kgomo a Mankhumishe) was their King.
Mojela (Motlari) arrived at Mogoshi from Bakone Malapa with controvesy, and was conguered by Phateng. Phateng then said to Mojela (Motlari), "o nkhumishitse" and so Phateng earned the name "Nkhumishe". Mojela (Motlari) gave Phateng for treaty, Princess Shiko as "timamello". Then Phateng allowed Mojela (Motlari) to stay and reign on the "East Side". Mojela (Motlari) reigned as king on the east-side and stayed with Phateng who reigned on the west-side at peace.
Pholo tsa Borwa (Matlala) arrived at Bakone Malapa from Tshwane, Mojela then left Bakone Malapa to Mogoshi. Pholo tsa Borwa (Matlala) followed Mojela and found him and took over his kingship. When Pholo tsa Borwa (Matlala) arrived at Bokone Malapa they were not not Matlala nor Bakone nor "Ba bina Hlanhlagane", the same when they arrived at Mogoshi. They were "Ba bina Kgokong".
King Masilo 1 was the king of Baphofung. He had a son Prince Malope who took over from him. King Malope had two children, Princess Mohurutse and Prince Kwena. Upon the death of King Malope, the people got divided as some said they wont be ruled by a woman Princess Mohurutse and they followed Prince Kwena. They divided the land and Mohurutse ruled on the South (Borwa) and Kwena ruled on the North (Bokone) of "Mabjanamatshwana". The people of King Kwena were later called "Bakwena". After a long time Bakwena left "Mabjanamatshwana" and a certain group went to Botswana and back to Mabjanamatshwana (Bophuthatswana).
From Bophuthatswana they went to Tshwane then to Magalisberg. From Magaliesberg they went to Bakone Malapa and they were called "Pholo tsa Borwa" by the people who stayed at Bakone Malapa. At Bokone Malapa they found Bakgalaka and Banareng. Mojela left Bakone Malapa to Mogodumo then to Madietane. Pholo tsa Borwa (Bakwena) captured Bakgalaka and followed Mojela to Madietane. They took over Mojela. They became many and Kgomo called them "Bo Matlalathaba" and today are known as "Matlala a Thaba" and are known as "Bakone".
Bakone today are constituted of Bakgalaka, Bakwena and Banareng.
• Bakone were called Bakone for the first time at Witkop by Bakgalaka and Banareng. They could not pronounce Bakwena properly, Before that they were Bakwena 'of Mabjanamatshwana' or from Mabjanamatshana.
The last War at Mogoshi.
When Kgoshi Mmamakwa Lekwa Matlala took over the reigns, the land known to be beloging to Matlala today belonged to Kgoshi Phiri Maite II Kgomo (Kgomo a Phateng). Because Kgoshi Mmamakwa out of greed realised that they have became too many, he waged a war against Bankhumishe.Mmamakwa was greedy because he was allowed to stay due to the treaty between Kgoshi Phateng Kgomo and Mojela / Mathekga / Motlari that they shall rule on the East Side (towards Moletjie) while Kgomo will rule on the West Side (the area today belonging to both Matlala Kingdoms).Kgoshi Mmakwa waged war with the assistance of Ramara who betrayed Kgomo. Kgoshi Phiri / Mailte II / Mmushi, in attempt to save the land and his people, he gave him Princess Morongoa (Mmakwena - married to Makobe due to age and gave birth to Sekgwari) as "Timamello", but Mmamakwa out of greed he took all and left Kgomo with nothing. As if that was not enough, Mmamakwa took away Kgomo a Phateng's true indentity.He made Kgomo his advisor and defender. But Kgoshi Sekgwari broke the ranks and went to Phetole for "Mmakgoshi" instead of going to Phateng. This further compromised "Kgomo a Phateng".
1.Kgomo a Mmankhumishe originated from a man called Motebele. This man was the elder son of Mohurutse. His twin brother was Motebejane. Mohurutse’s rival, her brother from another mother (mmane’agwe), was Kwena. They lived in the land of Baphofung called Mabjanamatshwana (former Bophuthatswana). After the death of their father, Mabjanamatshwana was divided into the Northern Kingdom and the Southern Kingdom. Mohurutse became king in the South, while Kwena reigned in the North. Kwena is the ancester of all Bakwena, including Bakone ba Matlala. On the other hand, Mohurutse is the ancester of all Bahurutse.After the death of Mohurutse, Motebele fought with his twin brother, lost the battle and ran away. At that time, some of Bakwena had moved into Botswana. Part of Botswana was occupied by Bakwena, and the other part by Banareng. So when Motebele fled to Botswana he had no option but to live among Banareng, and in the process became Monareng, willingly. And this is the identity we are insisting to keep. If God did not force us to become born again, who can force us to become Bakone? Ntjhi dikgolo or ntjhi dinyane, we are absolutely not interested!
2.Kgomo a Ngope and Kgomo a Raserole originated from the man called Mokgopedi. Mokgopedi was the son of Tloropyane, the son of Mafana, the son of Ndebele (or Madebele), the son of Zulu, the son of Mpela. Tloropyane’s brother from another mother (mmamogolo’agwe) was Mhlanga. Mhlanga is the one who came with Banareng from Congo and landed into Botswana. Motebele became a refugee under Mhlanga, but dwelled among Balete in the land called Mohlakeng (or eMhlangeni). When Mhlanga decided to move into South Africa, Motebele and Balete remained in Botswana and their new king was Malindi (or Maliti). At that time Motebele and his followers were Balete. As Mhlanga moved along Limpopo River toward the now Johannesburg, a group of Banareng under Tloropyane took another direction and went to Makgabeng. They later, under the leadership of Mokgopedi, moved to the now Botlokwa where they were captured by Bakgalaka of Shiko. Shiko moved with them to the now Bakone Malapa, then to Sepitsi where Mokgopedi got loose and ran to Mogodumo. Shiko then moved back to Bakone Malapa where he was captured by Bakone. Mokgopedi’s sons were Maalobane (father to Serole who is also called Motlari, and Sekororo/Mahlo ), Moshohli (establisged the Malokela (Putney) community), Serurubele (the father of Letswalo, Kgomo a Ngope came from this man) and Mohlala.
Motlari is Maalobane's son by one of his wives. Motlari married Shiko's daughter and remained with his father-in law when his father and uncles ran away for their freedom.
2.1. Maalobane begat Serole or Raserole (his other names were Kgomo, Mathekga, Mojela and Motlari)
2.2. Serurubele begat Tjhukudu the father of Makwetla, the father of Tlabo, the father of Mashoko, the father of seana Ngwepe. It was this man, Mashoko, who sold Bankhumishe to Motlari:
“Kgokongnyana ya leshilwana e rile bo Tau ke besho,
E roga dipolaishane dingena meshifa go bo Kgomo a Mmankhumishe.”
Mashoko and Motlari used molwa-o-dutje to kill men in the camp of Bankhumishe, as it is said:
“Matlala o be a tumile ka boloi.” This refers to Motlari. Motlari had the mind of overthrowing Bankhumishe at a later stage. However, after the arrival of the second group of Bakone, he increased the land they have given to him and said to Mmankhumishe:
“O tla busha ka Bosubela nna ka busha ka Bohlabela.” By Bohlabela he was refering to the land from Mmadietane to Setumong, Malobane, Tibane, up to and including Moletji. Moletji was later taken by Manamela.
Back to Mhlakeng, Motebele seized the opportunity and fought with Maliti. He became the new king of Balete. Maliti gave him his daughter as wife. Motebele and Maliti’s daughter begat Lebogo and Malete. After the death of Motebete, Malete wanted to kill his brother, and Lebogo ran away. He crossed Limpopo and landed at Makgabeng. Malete became king of Balete in the land called Mohlakeng. This is where Bankhumishe got the name Bahlakeng. He moved with his people to Bobididi and made his headquarters next to Notwane River. This is where Bankhumishe got the name Banotwane. In 1700 Malete, now Kgomo, crossed Limpopo into the Southern part of Bobididi, leaving the reigns in the Northern part to his brother Marumo (born to Motebele and his first wife). This is where Bankhumishe got the name Babididi. Kgomo later moved to his brother, Lebogo, and stayed with him at Makgabeng. This is where Bankhumishe got the name Bagananwa. In 1722 something uncertain happened and Lebogo gave Kgomo a wife. Lebogo then moved to Blouberg (ga MmaLebogo). Kgomo, at this time known as Maite, together with the wife from Lebogo begat Mokgadi, Phatashiya and Sediye. It was during the reign of Phatashia when Bankhumishe moved to Mogoshi where they found the unexpected visitors (Bashia) and captured them.
MAJOR RECORDED MOVEMENTS OF BAKONE AND BAKGALAKA FROM GAMASHASHANE, GAMATLALA A THABA AND MOGODUMO
Bankhumishe moved from gaSeleka to gaMatlala. Bakone ba gaMashala moved from gaMashashane to gaMatlala wa thaba (this group stayed gaMashashane when Bakone were on their way from Zebidiela to Witkop/Bakone Malapa). Bakgalaka ba Mothiba moved from gaMatlala a thaba to gaNgwasheng via Makgabeng; onother group of Bakgalaka (Matlala and Raila) moved from Mogodumo to Bopedi via Zebidiela; Bakgalaka ba Dikgale moved from Mogodumo to GaDikgale. Banareng ba Sekororo/Mahlo, Mmutlana in Malokela (Putney) moved from Mogodumo to Lowveld (Boroka, the land of Boroka streched from Phalaborwa and possibly Tzaneen to Swaziland)
The group that remained at Matlala a Thaba are the real Bakone with just a few of cooperative Bakgalaka and Banareng from Witkop (possibly Bakone Malapa).
BA GA MOHLALA
History has it that the indigenous people of the south (of Africa) originated from the north in the forests along the Nile river in Egypt. According to oral historian Senzo “Maswidi” Mkhanyiseni Mbatha as far as he knows the first black person that we hear of is ‘Ntu’, the ancestor of all African people. The plural noun ‘abantu’ is a result of Ntu’s name being used in plural form to categorise his descendants. Ntu was a descendant of Yeye of Godongwana, descendant of Hhamu of Ishmael otherwise known as Abraham who had fathered him to his slave Hagayi. Ntu and his offspring then spread towards the centre of Africa, towards countries like the Democratic Republic of Congo, Cameroon and others. By this time they were already led by Mnguni the descendant of Gumede, who was a descendant of Qwabe who also descended from Lufenulwenja of Ntu. Through further movement they then separated into amaNguni and abeSuthu.
King Mpela moved Southwards from Congo and settled in Mohlakeng, Botswana. His son was Zulu who became king after him. Zulu had a son named Ndebele who also became a king after him. Ndebele had two children, Princess Mokuruhadzi and Prince Mafana. When Ndebele died others refused to be led by a woman and made Mafana their king and Mokuruhadzi stayed under him. All this time they were migrating towards the south.
At about 1520 Banareng separated while they were at Mohlakeng, in Botswana. The group that gave birth to Maalobane (father to Serole), Moshohli, Serurubele (Kgomo a Ngope came from this man) and Mohlala, generation crossed Limpopo into South Africa. The group that gave birth to the Nkhumishe generation stayed behind.
It was at about 1520 when a group of Banareng under the leadership of Mhlanga decided leave Mohlakeng in Botswana and move into South Africa, Motebele and Balete remained in Botswana and their new king was Malindi (or Maliti). At that time Motebele and his followers were Balete. As Mhlanga moved along Limpopo River toward the now Johannesburg, a group of Banareng under Tloropyane/Sebushi took another direction and
and settled at Kgwadubeng, across the Odi/Crocodile River (in the then Transvaal). Kgwadubeng is not far from Senwabarwana (then Bochum).
When Tloropyane/Sebushi passed on in Kgwadubeng, his son, Mokgopedi, assumed the leadership of Banareng. They left at Kgwadubeng at about 1600AD and to Makgabeng and moved to Botlokwa where they were comguered by Bakgaga
And had to submit to Bakgaga.
The duo headed for Polokwane and established a homestead at Witkop (Bakone (Malapa before proceeding and pitching a homestead in Sepitsi).
At Witkop (Bakone Malapa) the two groups were captured around early to mid 1800AD (around early to mid 17thh century) by Bakone who moved from Magaliesberg to Bakone Malapa via Zebediela and later Matlale Rraila, Mohlale, Dikgale quietly revolted against the the rule of Bakone and took their followers and established their new home at Mogodumo (now Ga Chwene in Chwene’s Poort).
Mokgopedi's sons in order of their seniority: Maalobane, Moshohli, Serurubele, and Mohlala.
Maalobane gave birth to Ba Sekororo/Mahlo. Moshohli establisged the Malokela (Putney) community. Serurubele gave issue to the Letswalo population. Mohlala (nick named Morudi for his black smith prowess) took a section of the collective Banareng and established Ba Mohlala.
The now independent Banareng took different directions but only to meet again in Phalaborwa. Some of Bakone also settled in Phalaborwa slightly earlier than their brotheren. However, they left in a southeasterly direction and some of Bakone, Bakgalaka and Banareng settled at Bolaodi (now Sabie). Other group proceeded to and settled in parts of Swaziland. Unfortunately, some of Bakone, Bakgalaka and Banareng who stayed behind in Swaziland think are Swazi in origin.
Beside the two new Ba Ga Mohlala National Platforms that we have recently launched, we managed to open and successfully run one Facebook Group. Later we managed to open and successfully run two Facebook pages, namely: Ba ga Mohlala Books & More (to use to promote and sell all Ba Ga Mohlala History Books and all Ba Ga Mohlala heritage items including the latest Ba Ga Mohlala CD album ya all direto tša Ga Mohlala. The CD album was launched at Ba Ga Mohlala National Gathering in Phageng/Ga Mmela on the 1st of July 2017). The second Facebook book platform that we opened and were able to run successfully was Ba Ga Mohlala Youth Platform to cater specifically for Ba Ga Mohlala Youth.
The first and initial Facebook group was initially created by Ba Ga Mohlala in Schoonoord for Ba Ga Mohlala in Schoonoord, but other people ba e leng ba Ga Mohlala in Greater Sekhukhuneland asked us to broaden it so that it include all people Ba Ga Mohlala in Sekhukhune.
The aim of creating all these Facebook platform was for people of Ba Ga Mohlala to promote themselves as individuals, to promote Ba Ga Mohlala Family, to promote their own business, and also to promote Ba Ga Mohlala Family business.
These platforms are also used to communicate Ba Ga Mohlala information, including all Ba Ga Mohlala meetings (dikopano tša dikgoro, national gatherings, brach gatherings and all kinds of events), to also share our history and traditions, and announcing of Ba Ga Mohlala weddings, funerals, and all sorts of parties.
1. Ba Ga Mohlala Books & More Page
2. Ba Ga Mohlala Sekhukhune ka Bophara Group
3. Ba Ga Mohlala Youth Platform
4. Ba Ga Mohlala National Platform Page
5. Ba Ga Mohlala National Platform Group
The two websites
1. On the first website we put short history of Ba Ga Mohlala in Schoonoord, direto tja Ga Mohlala, and dikgoro tja Ga Mohlala in Schoonoord.
This website goes with unique Ba Ga Mohlala Email addresses whereby anyone of Ba Ga Mohlala can ask to be allocated with his unique Ba Ga Mohlala Email address from this website. This is done in order to promote Ba Ga Mohlala Brand, and to give Ba Ga Mohlala people access to email accounts.
2. The second website is a full interactive website mo e lego gore we are able to share a lot of information, and maloko a Ba Ga Mohlala are able to comment (only constructive comments and good language are allowed), and share (good things that will build and strengthen our family) with their fellow family members.
Each month there is a new article about topics to do with either Batlokwa, Banareng, Ba Ba Ga Mohlala, African History, African Culture, African Tradition, or any issue of interest.
Beside this articles, there is news of interest as and when they happen, history, research articles, education, business advices, and more.
The link to the website is :
So far we have three articles. The articles have been running from June 2017.
The articles are as follows:
1. Article number 1( 24 June 2017)
SETŠO SA BOGOSHI LE MAGOSHI
2. 2nd article (10 July 2017)
THE MAIN CAUSE OF THE FALL OF BA GA MOHLALA FROM GLORY
3. 3rd article (02 August 2017)
WILL BA GA MOHLALA EVER REGAIN THEIR GLORY? .
The infomation on this website is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA) and the GNU Free Documentation License (GFDL)
1. Kgomo A Phateng
2. Phateng, Where It All Started - Kgomo A phateng on Facebook
3. Tsa Magoshi le Dilete
Published 1976 - 1979
4. History of Ba Ga Dikgale
Ba Ga Dikgale Royal House/Thobela FM Archives
5.The Archival Platform
6.Mokone' a ntšhi di Kgolo - Facts and Fiction about BaKone